pictures like this make us realize how fortunate we are to have a bed to lay on, food to eat, and more opportunities than others could ever have, so rather trippn about materialistic shit we need to be fortunate and pay it forward to those who arent. Most ppl will reblog photos of sex & drugs, BUT not reblog this. sad smh.
This is so sad.
this literally brought tears to my eyes…sad .
Mathematics in Ancient Africa
Rarely do historians discuss mathematics in Africa, and when they do, they only discuss it in Egypt and Northern Africa.
However, the oldest mathematical objects in the world have been found in sub-Saharan Africa.
The picture is of Ishango bones. They were found near Lake Edward on the borders of Uganda and Zaire and are estimated to be 25,000 years old.
At one end of the Ishango Bone is a piece of quartz for writing, and the bone has a series of notches carved in groups (shown below). It was first thought these notches were some kind of tally marks as found to record counts all over the world. However, the Ishango bone appears to be much more than a simple tally. The markings on rows (a) and (b) each add to 60. Row (b) contains the prime numbers between 10 and 20. Row (a) is quite consistent with a numeration system based on 10, since the notches are grouped as 20 + 1, 20 - 1, 10 + 1, and 10 - 1. Finally, row (c) seems to illustrate for the method of duplication (multiplication by 2) used more recently in Egyptian multiplication. Recent studies with microscopes illustrate more markings and it is now understood the bone is also a lunar phase counter. Who but a woman keeping track of her cycles would need a lunar calendar? Were women our first mathematicians?
Considering that I’ve heard an argument that women were the first agriculturists/farmers because men were out hunting, I think, because of the same reason, it is reasonable to assume that women created this tool.
(via university at buffalo)
image: avlxyz (cc)
Even when there aren’t enough hours in the day, you need to feed your body what it requires to enjoy the ones you have. With the dangers of irrigated vegetables, genetically modified frankenfoods, and insanely over-priced organic items, it’s admittedly more difficult than it was for our forebears. But, it can be done (and very easily) for 25. dollars a month on average. Supergreens (in powders, tablets, or liquid) will help you stay healthy despite the best efforts of chemical industry to do otherwise.
You won’t get the calories you’ll need to avoid taking on an emaciated look, but it will give your body requirements it probably hasn’t seen in a long time. You’ll want to do your own pricing to decide what’s best for you and what you’re getting for the greatest value, but you really can’t go wrong incorporating Supergreens into your meal plan.
Before a frown quivers at your lips, don’t worry about flavor. You won’t taste them if they’re hidden in a smoothie. Smoothies are exceedingly simple to make, and they’ll
hide tastes that you find “too green” from your displeasure trigger.
Do They Really Boost Energy?
Yes. Supergreens make a sizeable difference in digestion, detoxification, and vitality. If you’re not used to having yang energy in good abundance, life will take on new meaning. Your sleep patterns will likely regulate themselves nicely as well. When your body needs energy that it’s not getting from what you’re putting into it, it has to strain and borrow what it can from other vital processes. Couple that with the toxic sludge formed of most genetically-modified foods that it’s forced to try and process through your liver and kidneys (and if you’re lucky, out of the colon) and you have a system that’s expected to perform the miraculous on dead E.
Mind you, you won’t get away from the importance of having fresh fruit and vegetables. The benefits of consuming raw organic fruit and veggies is superior to consuming them in powder form day after day. But, if you’re in a bind, financially or time-wise, you can maintain your health with a powdered supplement that contains the nutrients from the plant world, acidophilus bacteria to help fight the ‘bad’ bacteria, milk thistle to help your liver do its thing, and other useful additions like blood-cleaning dandelion.
Chlorella And Spirulina
If you opt for micro-algae powders like chlorella or spirulina, you’ll be getting everything your body needs, and then some. Microgreen algae is a formidable immunity-builder. It’s good for everyone (unless you have an allergy to algae). The powder or pills can be taken in large amounts (up to fifty pills per day) for detoxing purposes (including the removal of heavy metals). After a month, lower your intake to the recommended dosage (usually 20 pills). You can sprinkle a bit into your pet’s bowl, as well, or apply it to cuts to speed healing.
Whichever supergreen type you choose, do a bit of research on the company before buying. Find out where their veggies and algae are grown to ensure fair trade is practiced and eco-friendly processes are used that don’t contaminate and damage the planet or your food.
Additional Green Gems
The Green Manuals (Acquisition links)
May the off-grid splendoring commence in mass number. It’s hoped the following gems (recipes and formulas) are of use in liberating minds from the machine, gratis-like. May it end up in many inboxes (printed out and shared). Our power is in knowledge. We can make our own staples, forage free wild food, build solar generators… it’s all available to us. Let’s accept the gift.
Basic Green Offgrid guide (this is a compilation of some of the more necessary staples featured in the Green Manuals)
(click “next” until you get a download button. It’s price-less.)
SOPA Emergency IP list:
So if these ******** in DC decide to
ruin the internet, here’s how to access your favorite sites
in the event of a DNS takedown
# Social media
# Torrent sites
# Social networking
# Live Streaming Content
# File Sharing
Here’s a tip for the do-it-yourself crowd:
Go to your computer’s Start menu, and either go to
“run” or just search for “cmd.”
Open it up, and type in “ping [website address],”
Once you have the IP for a website, all you really
need to do is enter it like you would
a normal URL nd hit enter/press go. Typing in
should bring you to the front page of AO3,
for example, just as typing “126.96.36.199/dashboard”
should bring you straight to your Tumblr dashboard.
Since we’re obviously bracing for the worst case scenario
which would involve you not being
able to access the internet regularly, you should,
save this list.
Dear Tumblr-ers, -ites, ettes, and whatever other things you may prefer,
Please reblog the crap out of this. Add to it if you feel there is stuff necessary but missing.
P.S. Thank you to the lovely who wrote this up.